Private Pilot License (PPL)


Private Pilot Training is available to anyone who wishes to be granted the privilege of flying an aircraft and to carry passengers by day and in Visual Flight Conditions (VFR).

Obtaining this licence entitles licensees to add ratings to their licence: Night Flight, Visual Flight Rules Over-the-Top (VFR OTT), Instrument Flight (IFR), or Multi-Engine.

The Private Pilot Licence does not, however, allow its holder to work and be compensated for aerial work, taxi, or air transportation services.


Applicants must be 17 years of age or older.

Medical fitness

Applicants must hold a Category 3 medical certificate.


Complete a minimum of 40 hours of ground school instruction. Applicants must have a minimum score of 60% in the overall written examination leading to the Private Pilot Licence—Aeroplane (PPAER).

The minimum score of 60% also applies for each of the four mandatory subjects of the following examinations: Air Law, General Knowledge, Meteorology, and Navigation


A minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in aircraft under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating—Aeroplane.

This flight training must include:

  • 17 hours of dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours of cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time
  • 12 hours of solo flight time, including 5 hours of cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 150 nautical miles, which includes 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure


Within the 12 months preceding the date of the application, the applicant must successfully complete a flight test as pilot-in-command.

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